Tourist Place in Kanyakumari District – Padmanabhapuram Palace

Historical significance of Padmanabhapuram Palace

Construction and Origins:

Padmanabhapuram Palace is a Travancore-period palace located in Padmanabhapuram, in the Kanyakumari district of the state of Tamil Nadu in India. The palace was constructed by Iravi Varma Kulasekhara Perumal who ruled Venad between 1592 and 1609. It was later rebuilt by King Anizham Thirunal Marthanda Varma around 1750, the founder of modern Travancore, who ruled Travancore from 1729 to 1758.

Architectural Marvels of Padmanabhapuram Palace

Padmanabhapuram Palace is a masterpiece of indigenous Kerala architecture, characterized by its unique features. Let’s explore its architectural marvel in detail:

Wooden Structure:

The entire palace is constructed entirely of wood, except for the outer walls, which are made of black granite. The use of wood imparts a warm and traditional feel to the palace.

Intricate Carvings:

The palace boasts fabulous floral carvings, lattice windows, and sculptured decor. These intricate details showcase the craftsmanship of the artisans.


The interiors feature 17th- and 18th-century paintings on the walls. These murals depict historical scenes, religious themes, and cultural motifs.

Mahogany Musical Arch:

A unique feature within the palace. The musical arch is made of mahogany wood and adds to the palace’s charm.

Mica Windows:

The palace has mica windows of varying colors. These translucent windows allow natural light to filter in, creating a mesmerizing effect.

Royal Chairs:

Carved wooden chairs fit for royalty adorn the palace. These chairs reflect the grandeur and elegance of the era.

Mantrasala (King’s Council Chamber):

It is one of the significant rooms within the palace. It served as the place for royal discussions, decisions, and council meetings. Mantrasala served as the audience chamber where the king held important meetings with his ministers and advisors.

Location and Setting

The palace is situated at the foot of the Veli Hills, which is part of the Western Ghats. The nearby Valli River adds to its picturesque surroundings.

Legacy and Preservation

Although surrounded by the state of Tamil Nadu, the palace remains part of Kerala. It is maintained by the Kerala Government Archaeology Department. Padmanabhapuram Palace continues to be one of the best examples of traditional architecture in Kerala.

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